When it comes to buzz terms, contactless payment is one that’s worth paying attention to. Because contactless payments happen through your mobile device, the technology is poised to make transactions a whole lot quicker and easier. According to the Square Future of Commerce report, in 2022, 92% of retailers surveyed and all restaurateurs offered a type of contactless payment to their customers.

Here’s some information about what contactless payments are all about, and why they’re so secure:

What is a contactless payment?

A contactless payment, as the name suggests, doesn’t require any physical contact between the buyer’s smartphone or credit card and the POS. You might also have heard the term NFC, which stands for “near field communication”. It’s the technology that powers contactless payments through a type of radio frequency identification (called RFID). NFC transactions take place over a specific radio frequency that enables the card or smartphone to communicate with the payment reader when they’re close together (usually 10 centimetres or less).

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Contactless payment technology – A Brief History

NFC is a type of radio frequency identification (or RFID) technology that allows us to identify things through radio waves. RFID is nothing new – it’s been used for decades for things like scanning items in grocery stores and luggage on baggage claims and tagging cattle. It’s now increasingly being used to enable contactless mobile payments (and also in video game technology).

What is a contactless payment card?

Some debit and credit cards have NFC technology that allows the customer to pay for items by tapping or waving their card above the payments reader. These types of cards are called contactless payments cards.

Why are contactless payments so secure?

Contactless payments are authenticated payments, meaning they’re really hard to hack. In a contactless payment, the data associated with your credit card on file is encrypted and constantly changing. So even if fraudsters were to hack a system, the data they found there would be useless.

What are different types of contactless payment?

Perhaps the most talked-about example of contactless payment is Apple Pay. It works on the iPhone 6, 6 Plus, and the Apple Watch, which are all equipped with NFC technology. The iPhone 6 and 6 Plus also have Apple’s fingerprint technology, Touch ID, so even if your phone is stolen, no one can access the credit cards stored in your app. To make a purchase with Apple Pay, just wait until the light on the payments reader turns on, and then hold your device up to it with your finger on the Touch ID button.

To enable Apple Pay at your store, you’ll need to invest in a reader. The Square contactless and chip reader accepts both Apple Pay and EMV cards.

Other Types of Contactless Mobile Payments

Google Pay

Google Pay is Google’s mobile wallet technology and one of the more popular NFC mobile payment apps. It is available on all NFC-enabled devices that run Android version 4.4 or later. To use Google Pay, customers just open the app on their phone (which requires the user to have a secure lock screen) and complete the transaction by holding their device over the payment reader.

Samsung Pay

Samsung Pay works on newer versions of Samsung Galaxy devices. Samsung Pay also works on NFC contactless readers. As opposed to Google Pay and Apple Pay, to trigger an NFC contactless payment with Samsung Pay, you swipe up from the home screen. At this point, you can’t use Samsung Pay to make online payments within apps.